Today in History – The Boston Globe

In 1692, the first execution resulting from the Salem witch trials in Massachusetts took place when Bridget Bishop was hanged.

In 1907, eleven men in five cars set off from the French Embassy in Peking for a race to Paris. (Prince Scipione Borghese of Italy was the first to arrive in the French capital two months later.)

In 1935, Alcoholics Anonymous was founded in Akron, Ohio by Dr. Robert Holbrook Smith and William Griffith Wilson.

In 1963, President John F. Kennedy signed into law the Equal Pay Act of 1963, aimed at eliminating pay disparities based on sex.

In 1967, a six-day war in the Middle East involving Israel, Syria, Egypt, Jordan and Iraq ended when Israel and Syria agreed to a ceasefire through United Nations.

In 1971, President Richard M. Nixon lifted a two-decade-old trade embargo on China.

In 1977, James Earl Ray, the convicted assassin of civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr., escaped from Brushy Mountain State Prison in Tennessee with six others. it was resumed on June 13.

In 1978 Affirmed, ridden by Steve Cauthen, won the 110th Belmont Stakes to win the 11th Triple Crown of horse racing.

In 1991, 11-year-old Jaycee Dugard of South Lake Tahoe, California was abducted by Phillip and Nancy Garrido; Jaycee was held by the couple for 18 years before being found by authorities.

In 2009, James von Brunn, an 88-year-old white supremacist, opened fire at the US Holocaust Memorial Museum in Washington, DC, killing security guard Stephen T. Johns. (Von Brunn died in a North Carolina hospital in January 2010 while awaiting trial.) Donald Trump fired Miss California USA Carrie Prejean, who sparked controversy when she said gay people shouldn’t be allowed to to marry.

In 2012, parts of northern Colorado and southern New Mexico battled wildfires that were spreading rapidly through mountainous forest land, forcing hundreds of evacuations. Shanshan Feng won the LPGA Championship to become the first Chinese player to win an LPGA Tour title and a Major event, closing with a 5-under 67 for a two-time win at Locust Hill Country Club in Pittsford, NY The bittersweet “Once” won eight Tony Awards, including Best Musical; “Clybourne Park” won Best Game.

In 2013, jury selection began in Sanford, Fla., during the trial of neighborhood watch volunteer George Zimmerman, charged with second-degree murder in the fatal shooting of 17-year-old Trayvon Martin. (Zimmerman was acquitted.)

In 2016, Muhammad Ali was laid to rest in his hometown of Louisville, Ky., after a day of farewell. “Mr. Hockey” Gordie Howe, who set scoring records for decades, has died in Sylvania, Ohio, at age 88.

In 2017, British Prime Minister Theresa May struck a tentative deal with the Northern Ireland Democratic Unionist Party to support the Conservative government, which had been stripped of its majority in a disastrous election. Unseeded Latvian Jelena Ostapenko stunned No. 3 Simona Halep 4-6, 6-4, 6-3 in the French Open final for the first title of her career.

In 2020, protesters pulled down a century-old statue of Confederate President Jefferson Davis in Richmond, the former capital of the Confederacy. NASCAR announced that it was banning the Confederate flag at all of its races and venues; the flag was a common sight at these events for over 70 years.

Last year, Republican lawmakers voted with a majority of Democrats in the Oregon House of Representatives to expel a Republican member, Mike Nearman, who let violent far-right protesters into the US Capitol. State as of December 2020. The wife of Mexican drug kingpin Joaquin “El Chapo” Guzman pleaded guilty in Washington to helping her husband run his multi-billion dollar criminal empire. (Emma Coronel Aispuro would be sentenced to three years in prison.)

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